This section describes the different sections that may appear
in a Mercurial "hgrc" file, the purpose of each section, its possible
keys, and their possible values. |
Filters for transforming files on checkout/checkin. This would
typically be used for newline processing or other localization/canonicalization
Filters consist of a filter pattern followed by a filter command.|
Filter patterns are globs by default, rooted at the repository
root. For example, to match any file ending in ".txt" in the root
directory only, use the pattern "*.txt". To match any file ending
in ".c" anywhere in the repository, use the pattern "**.c".
The filter command can start with a specifier, either "pipe:" or
"tempfile:". If no specifier is given, "pipe:" is used by default.
A "pipe:" command must accept data on stdin and return the
transformed data on stdout.
# uncompress gzip files on checkin to improve delta compression
# note: not necessarily a good idea, just an example
*.gz = pipe: gunzip
# recompress gzip files when writing them to the working dir (we
# can safely omit "pipe:", because it's the default)
*.gz = gzip
A "tempfile:" command is a template. The string INFILE is replaced
with the name of a temporary file that contains the data to be
filtered by the command. The string OUTFILE is replaced with the
name of an empty temporary file, where the filtered data must
written by the command.
NOTE: the tempfile mechanism is recommended for Windows systems,
where the standard shell I/O redirection operators often have
strange effects and may corrupt the contents of your files.
The most common usage is for LF <–> CRLF translation on Windows.
For this, use the "smart" convertors which check for binary files:
** = cleverencode:
** = cleverdecode:
or if you only want to translate certain files:
**.txt = dumbencode:
**.txt = dumbdecode:
Use the [defaults] section to define command defaults, i.e. the
default options/arguments to pass to the specified commands.|
The following example makes 'hg log' run in verbose mode, and|
'hg status' show only the modified files, by default.
log = –v
status = –m
The actual commands, instead of their aliases, must be used when
defining command defaults. The command defaults will also be
applied to the aliases of the commands defined.
Settings used when displaying diffs. They are all boolean and
defaults to False. |
Use git extended diff format.|
Don't include dates in diff headers.|
Show which function each change is in.|
Ignore white space when comparing lines.|
Ignore changes in the amount of white space.|
Ignore changes whose lines are all blank.|
Settings for extensions that send email messages. |
Optional. Email address to use in "From" header and SMTP envelope
of outgoing messages.|
Optional. Comma–separated list of recipients' email addresses.|
Optional. Comma–separated list of carbon copy recipients' email
Optional. Comma–separated list of blind carbon copy recipients'
email addresses. Cannot be set interactively.|
Optional. Method to use to send email messages. If value is "smtp"
(default), use SMTP (see section "[smtp]" for configuration). Otherwise,
use as name of program to run that acts like sendmail (takes "–f"
option for sender, list of recipients on command line, message
on stdin). Normally, setting this to "sendmail"
or "/usr/sbin/sendmail" is enough to use sendmail to send messages.|
from = Joseph User <firstname.lastname@example.org>
method = /usr/sbin/sendmail
Mercurial has an extension mechanism for adding new features.
To enable an extension, create an entry for it in this section.|
If you know that the extension is already in Python's search path,|
you can give the name of the module, followed by "=", with nothing
after the "=".
Otherwise, give a name that you choose, followed by "=", followed
the path to the ".py" file (including the file name extension) that
defines the extension.
To explicitly disable an extension that is enabled in an hgrc
broader scope, prepend its path with '!', as in
'hgext.foo = !/ext/path' or 'hgext.foo = !' when no path is supplied.
Example for ~/.hgrc:
# (the mq extension will get loaded from mercurial's path)
# (this extension will get loaded from the file specified)
myfeature = ~/.hgext/myfeature.py
Enable or disable the "store" repository format which improves compatibility
with systems that fold case or otherwise mangle filenames. Enabled
by default. Disabling this option will allow you to store longer
filenames in some situations at the expense of compatibility.|
This section specifies merge tools to associate with particular
file patterns. Tools matched here will take precedence over the
default merge tool. Patterns are globs by default, rooted at the
**.c = kdiff3
**.jpg = myimgmerge
This section configures external merge tools to use for file–level
# Override stock tool location
kdiff3.executable = ~/bin/kdiff3
# Specify command line
kdiff3.args = $base $local $other –o $output
# Give higher priority
kdiff3.priority = 1
# Define new tool
myHtmlTool.args = –m $local $other $base $output
myHtmlTool.regkey = Software\FooSoftware\HtmlMerge
myHtmlTool.priority = 1
The priority in which to evaluate this tool.
Either just the name of the executable or its pathname.
Default: the tool name.
The arguments to pass to the tool executable. You can refer to
being merged as well as the output file through these variables:
$local, $other, $output.
Default: $local $base $other
Attempt to run internal non–interactive 3–way merge tool before
launching external tool.
This tool can merge binary files. Defaults to False, unless tool
was selected by file pattern match.
This tool can merge symlinks. Defaults to False, even if tool
selected by file pattern match.
Check whether there are conflicts even though the tool reported
Check whether outputs were written even though the tool reported
Attempt to fix up EOL changes caused by the merge tool.
This tool requires a graphical interface to run. Default: False
Windows registry key which describes install location of this
Mercurial will search for this key first under HKEY_CURRENT_USER
then under HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE. Default: None
Name of value to read from specified registry key. Defaults to
unnamed (default) value.
String to append to the value read from the registry, typically
executable name of the tool. Default: None
Commands or Python functions that get automatically executed by
various actions such as starting or finishing a commit. Multiple
hooks can be run for the same action by appending a suffix to
the action. Overriding a site–wide hook can be done by changing
its value or setting it to an empty string.
# do not use the site–wide hook
incoming.email = /my/email/hook
incoming.autobuild = /my/build/hook
Most hooks are run with environment variables set that give added
useful information. For each hook below, the environment variables
it is passed are listed with names of the form "$HG_foo".
Run after a changegroup has been added via push, pull or unbundle.
ID of the first new changeset is in $HG_NODE. URL from which changes
came is in $HG_URL.|
Run after a changeset has been created in the local repository.
ID of the newly created changeset is in $HG_NODE. Parent changeset
IDs are in $HG_PARENT1 and $HG_PARENT2.|
Run after a changeset has been pulled, pushed, or unbundled into
the local repository. The ID of the newly arrived changeset is
in $HG_NODE. URL that was source of changes came is in $HG_URL.|
Run after sending changes from local repository to another. ID
of first changeset sent is in $HG_NODE. Source of operation is
in $HG_SOURCE; see "preoutgoing" hook for description.|
Run after successful invocations of the associated command. The
contents of the command line are passed as $HG_ARGS and the result
code in $HG_RESULT. Hook failure is ignored.|
Run before executing the associated command. The contents of the
command line are passed as $HG_ARGS. If the hook returns failure,
the command doesn't execute and Mercurial returns the failure
Run before a changegroup is added via push, pull or unbundle.
Exit status 0 allows the changegroup to proceed. Non–zero status
will cause the push, pull or unbundle to fail. URL from which
changes will come is in $HG_URL.|
Run before starting a local commit. Exit status 0 allows the commit
to proceed. Non–zero status will cause the commit to fail. Parent
changeset IDs are in $HG_PARENT1 and $HG_PARENT2.|
Run before collecting changes to send from the local repository
to another. Non–zero status will cause failure. This lets you prevent
pull over http or ssh. Also prevents against local pull, push
(outbound) or bundle commands, but not effective, since you can
just copy files instead then. Source of operation is in
$HG_SOURCE. If "serve", operation is happening on behalf of remote
ssh or http repository. If "push", "pull" or "bundle", operation is
happening on behalf of repository on same system.|
Run before creating a tag. Exit status 0 allows the tag to be
created. Non–zero status will cause the tag to fail. ID of changeset
to tag is in $HG_NODE. Name of tag is in $HG_TAG. Tag is local
if $HG_LOCAL=1, in repo if $HG_LOCAL=0.|
Run after a changegroup has been added via push, pull or unbundle,
but before the transaction has been committed. Changegroup is
visible to hook program. This lets you validate incoming changes
before accepting them. Passed the ID of the first new changeset
in $HG_NODE. Exit status 0 allows the
transaction to commit. Non–zero status will cause the transaction
to be rolled back and the push, pull or unbundle will fail. URL
that was source of changes is in $HG_URL.|
Run after a changeset has been created but the transaction not
yet committed. Changeset is visible to hook program. This lets
you validate commit message and changes. Exit status 0 allows
the commit to proceed. Non–zero status will cause the transaction
to be rolled back. ID of changeset is in $HG_NODE.
Parent changeset IDs are in $HG_PARENT1 and $HG_PARENT2.|
Run before updating the working directory. Exit status 0 allows
the update to proceed. Non–zero status will prevent the update.
Changeset ID of first new parent is in $HG_PARENT1. If merge,
ID of second new parent is in $HG_PARENT2.|
Run after a tag is created. ID of tagged changeset is in $HG_NODE.
Name of tag is in $HG_TAG. Tag is local if $HG_LOCAL=1, in repo
Run after updating the working directory. Changeset ID of first
new parent is in $HG_PARENT1. If merge, ID of second new parent
is in $HG_PARENT2. If update succeeded, $HG_ERROR=0. If update
failed (e.g. because conflicts not resolved), $HG_ERROR=1.|
Note: it is generally better to use standard hooks rather than
generic pre– and post– command hooks as they are guaranteed to be
called in the appropriate contexts for influencing transactions.
Also, hooks like "commit" will be called in all contexts that
generate a commit (eg. tag) and not just the commit command.
Note2: Environment variables with empty values may not be passed
hooks on platforms like Windows. For instance, $HG_PARENT2 will
not be available under Windows for non–merge changesets while being
set to an empty value under Unix–like systems.
The syntax for Python hooks is as follows:
hookname = python:modulename.submodule.callable
Python hooks are run within the Mercurial process. Each hook is
called with at least three keyword arguments: a ui object (keyword
"ui"), a repository object (keyword "repo"), and a "hooktype"
keyword that tells what kind of hook is used. Arguments listed
environment variables above are passed as keyword arguments, with
"HG_" prefix, and names in lower case.
If a Python hook returns a "true" value or raises an exception,
is treated as failure of the hook.
Used to access web–based Mercurial repositories through a HTTP
Host name and (optional) port of the proxy server, for example
Optional. Comma–separated list of host names that should bypass
Optional. Password to authenticate with at the proxy server.|
Optional. User name to authenticate with at the proxy server.|
Configuration for extensions that need to send email messages.
Host name of mail server, e.g. "mail.example.com".|
Optional. Port to connect to on mail server. Default: 25.|
Optional. Whether to connect to mail server using TLS. True or
False. Default: False.|
Optional. User name to authenticate to SMTP server with. If username
is specified, password must also be specified. Default: none.|
Optional. Password to authenticate to SMTP server with. If username
is specified, password must also be specified. Default: none.|
Optional. It's the hostname that the sender can use to identify
itself to the MTA.|
Assigns symbolic names to repositories. The left side is the symbolic
name, and the right gives the directory or URL that is the location
of the repository. Default paths can be declared by setting the
following entries. |
Directory or URL to use when pulling if no source is specified.
Default is set to repository from which the current repository
Optional. Directory or URL to use when pushing if no destination
Controls generic server settings. |
Whether to allow clients to clone a repo using the uncompressed
streaming protocol. This transfers about 40% more data than a
regular clone, but uses less memory and CPU on both server and
client. Over a LAN (100Mbps or better) or a very fast WAN, an
uncompressed streaming clone is a lot faster (~10x)
than a regular clone. Over most WAN connections (anything slower
than about 6Mbps), uncompressed streaming is slower, because of
the extra data transfer overhead. Default is False.|
For security reasons, Mercurial will not use the settings in the
.hg/hgrc file from a repository if it doesn't belong to a trusted
user or to a trusted group. The main exception is the web interface,
which automatically uses some safe settings, since it's common
to serve repositories from different users.
This section specifies what users and groups are trusted. The|
current user is always trusted. To trust everybody, list a user
or a group with name "*".
Comma–separated list of trusted users.|
Comma–separated list of trusted groups.|
User interface controls. |
Whether to include the .hg_archival.txt file containing metadata
(hashes for the repository base and for tip) in archives created
by the hg archive command or downloaded via hgweb. Default is
Print debugging information. True or False. Default is False.|
The editor to use during a commit. Default is $EDITOR or "vi".|
Encoding to try if it's not possible to decode the changelog using
UTF–8. Default is ISO–8859–1.|
A file to read per–user ignore patterns from. This file should
be in the same format as a repository–wide .hgignore file. This
option supports hook syntax, so if you want to specify multiple
ignore files, you can do so by setting something like "ignore.other
= ~/.hgignore2". For details of the ignore file format, see
the hgignore(8) man page.|
Allow to prompt the user. True or False. Default is True.|
Template string for commands that print changesets.|
The conflict resolution program to use during a manual merge.
There are some internal tools available:|
use the internal non–interactive merge tool|
fail to merge|
See the merge–tools section for more information on configuring
command to use to apply patches. Look for 'gpatch' or 'patch'
in PATH if
Reduce the amount of output printed. True or False. Default is
remote command to use for clone/push/pull operations. Default
Warn if a .hg/hgrc file is ignored due to not being owned by
trusted user or group. True or False. Default is True.
Display paths using a slash ("/") as the path separator. This only
makes a difference on systems where the default path separator
the slash character (e.g. Windows uses the backslash character
Default is False.
command to use for SSH connections. Default is 'ssh'.
Require exact command names, instead of allowing unambiguous
abbreviations. True or False. Default is False.
Name of style to use for command output.
The timeout used when a lock is held (in seconds), a negative
means no timeout. Default is 600.
The committer of a changeset created when running "commit".
Typically a person's name and email address, e.g. "Fred Widget
<email@example.com>". Default is $EMAIL or username@hostname.
If the username in hgrc is empty, it has to be specified manually
in a different hgrc file (e.g. $HOME/.hgrc, if the admin set
in the system hgrc).
Increase the amount of output printed. True or False. Default
Web interface configuration. |
Where to output the access log. Default is stdout.|
Interface address to bind to. Default is all.|
List of archive format (bz2, gz, zip) allowed for downloading.
Default is empty.|
(DEPRECATED) Whether to allow .tar.bz2 downloading of repo revisions.
Default is false.|
(DEPRECATED) Whether to allow .tar.gz downloading of repo revisions.
Default is false.|
Whether to allow pulling from the repository. Default is true.|
Whether to allow pushing to the repository. If empty or not set,
push is not allowed. If the special value "*", any remote user can
push, including unauthenticated users. Otherwise, the remote user
must have been authenticated, and the authenticated user name
must be present in this list (separated by
whitespace or ","). The contents of the allow_push list are examined
after the deny_push list.|
(DEPRECATED) Whether to allow .zip downloading of repo revisions.
Default is false. This feature creates temporary files.|
Base URL to use when publishing URLs in other locations, so third–party
tools like email notification hooks can construct URLs. Example:
Name or email address of the person in charge of the repository.
Defaults to ui.username or $EMAIL or "unknown" if unset or empty.|
Whether to deny pushing to the repository. If empty or not set,
push is not denied. If the special value "*", all remote users are
denied push. Otherwise, unauthenticated users are all denied,
and any authenticated user name present in this list (separated
by whitespace or ",") is also denied. The contents of the
deny_push list are examined before the allow_push list.|
Textual description of the repository's purpose or contents. Default
Character encoding name. Example: "UTF–8"|
Where to output the error log. Default is stderr.|
Whether to hide the repository in the hgwebdir index. Default
Whether to use IPv6. Default is false.|
Repository name to use in the web interface. Default is current
Maximum number of changes to list on the changelog. Default is
Maximum number of files to list per changeset. Default is 10.|
Port to listen on. Default is 8000.|
Prefix path to serve from. Default is '' (server root).|
Whether to require that inbound pushes be transported over SSL
to prevent password sniffing. Default is true.|
Base URL to use for static files. If unset, static files (e.g.
the hgicon.png favicon) will be served by the CGI script itself.
Use this setting to serve them directly with the HTTP server.
How many lines a "zebra stripe" should span in multiline output.
Default is 1; set to 0 to disable.|
Which template map style to use.|
Where to find the HTML templates. Default is install path.|